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安徽专升本公共英语非谓语动词详解(四)

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发表于 2015-5-16 17:50:15 |显示全部楼层
安徽专升本公共英语非谓语动词详解(四)
非谓语动名词的考点需要大家在复习的时候要把握一些重要的注意事项,现在步步升专升本的老师把要注意的几个事项以及各项分词之间的区别全部都罗列出来,希望大家在复习时候多加注意!
使用现在分词的几个注意点:
   (1)作状语用的现在分词,其逻辑主语必须同句中主语为同一人或同一事,例如:
   Standing on top of the tall building,we could see the whole city.(正) (Standing=When we stood)
   Standing on top of the tall building,the whole city could be seen.(误)
   Having found the cause, they continued the experiment.(正)(Having found=After/When they had found)
   Having found the cause, the experiment continued.(误)
  (2)短暂动词(即瞬间动词)的现在分词被动式不可作宾补或定语。例如:
   He saw the old man knocked down by the car.(knicked down不可改为being knocked down或having being knicked down)
   Do you like the dictionary bought by Zhang Ming?(bought不可改为being bought或having been bought)
  现在分词被动式与过去分词用法的区别:
   现在分词被动式与过去分词都有被动意,但其用法是有区别的:
  (5) 作宾语时,现在分词的一般被动式表示一个正在发生的被动动作,过去分词则表示一个已发生过的被动动作或没有时间性的状态。例如:
  Do you see the hospital there?
  你看见了那边那个 医院吗?
  The continent connected with Asia at the Suez Canal is Africa.在苏伊士运河处与亚洲相连的洲是非洲。(句中connected无时间性)
  (6) 作原因状语,现在分词被动式与过去分词可以互换。例如:
  Being led(=Led )by the Party,the Chinese people have won great victories.
  (7) 作方式或伴随状语,不用现在分词被动式,而用过去动词。例如:
  The soldiers lay on the ground,covered with nothing.
  (8) 作时间状语,若动作先于句子的谓语动作,且有具体过去时间,不可用现在分词一般被动式或完成被动式。例如:Built in 1192 ,the bridge was very useful.
  如果没有具体过去时间状语,可用过去分词或现在分词完成被动式。例如:
  Discussed(=Having been discussed)many times, the problem was settled at last.
  如果要强调分词状语的动作发生的时间在谓语动作之前,则宜用现在分词完成被动式,而不用过去分词。例如:
   Not having been invited,she had to stay at home.
  (5)在have,get之后宜用过去分词作宾补,不用现在分词被动式或不定式被动式作宾补。例如:I’ll have my hair cut.(cut不能改为being cut或be cut)He got his watch repaired.(repaired不能改为being repaired或to be repaired)
  (6)在make, order, want, like, wish等动词后,多用过去分词作宾补,少用现在分词被动式作宾补。例如
  The speaker couldn’t make himself heard.(一般不说being heard)
  He wanted his house painted.(一般不说being painted)
  8.心理状态动词的-ing形式与-ed形式
   所谓心理状态动词是指含有使动意,使人产生某种情感、心理变化的动词。如:surprise使惊讶;interest使感兴趣。它们的-ing形式含主动意义,-ed形式含被动意义。皆可视为形容词。例如:surprising令人惊讶的,interesting令人感兴趣的;surprised(因…)感到惊讶的,interested(因…)感到兴趣的。下面的句子可显示两者的区别:
   The film is so interesting that they are all interested in it.
   She was much surprised at the surprising news.
   已学的心理状态动词有:astonish,bore(使厌烦),delight,disappoint,
  discourage,encourage,excite,frighten,interest,move(使感动),please(使高兴),puzzle(使迷惑),satisfy(使满意),surprise,shock,tire(使疲劳),trouble,upset(使不安),worry
   它们的-ing形式多和物连用,如:The news is pleasing/exciting.a boring report(一个令人厌烦的报告),a tiring walk(累人的步行)。
   它们的-ed形式多和人连用,如:an excited girl,I’m tired.
   但是也有-ing形式和人连用,-ed形式和物连用的现象。如:an inspiring leader一位有感召力的领袖,an amusing girl一个讨人喜欢的女孩,a puzzled expression一种迷惑不解的表情,She said in a frightened voice.她用受了惊吓的声音说着话。
   动名词的知识点比较多,也比较碎,因此大家在复习的时候要全部都要复习到位,不遗漏任何一个知识点。步步升小编也希望大家都能在明年的安徽专升本考试中都能取得一个比较好的成绩,顺利实现自己的本科梦想!

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